The EU-India Clean Energy and Climate Partnership (CECP) Project organized a series of roadshows on energy efficiency in industries and buildings in May 2022, with the objective to identifying and supporting opportunities for EU business engagement and laying the framework for future pilot projects in India. The roadshows were also used to present the relevant studies and activities done under the CECP project.
The roadshows were themed around decarbonisation of the industrial and buildings’ sectors with an objective to identify EU technologies in the sectors of energy efficiency and offer EU companies to showcase them to relevant stakeholders. The roadshow offered an opportunity to mobilise key EU and Indian business innovators creating low-emission technologies and service providers to collaborate.
The technologies covered through the roadshows were industrial automation and energy efficiency measures in metals and steel sector and textile sector, ground source heat pumps (GSHP) and smart technologies in buildings.
Roadshow 1 on “Energy efficiency measures in metals and steel sectors with focus on MSMEs of Haryana” - Haryana has a large number of MSME from a wide range of industrial sectors like general engineering, automobile components, forging, foundry, heat treatment, plastics, textiles, etc. Several MSME clusters in Haryana, such as Faridabad, have significant potential for energy efficiency and save 15 – 25% energy input. The state government of Haryana has proactively launched scheme for providing financial assistance for conducting energy audits, as well as for implementing the recommendations of energy audit. These will help to achieve cost optimisation and resource use efficiency through energy efficient technology interventions and adopting best energy efficiency operating practices.
Technological advancements in the EU can be utilised across different industrial sectors in India, including the ones in Haryana, and these were showcased by the European suppliers in this roadshow such as inverter drives, industrial automation, etc.
Roadshow 2 on “Energy efficiency measure through Ground Source Heat Pumps with Himachal Pradesh” - Himachal Pradesh is known for various hot springs in the state and has more than 150 thermal manifestations which clearly indicates the potential of geothermal resources. The application of Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHPs) can be utilized in meeting the demand for hot water in space heating and cooling in institutional and commercial buildings, hospitals, and hotels. This would enable to adopt clean development mechanisms and reduce dependency on conventional power sources. SMEs are also adopting GSHPs in their processes. The estimated annual energy and emission saving potential through this technology is 35-40%. It will also have a significant social impact, as GSHP requires distinct set of skills for project design, installations, operation, and maintenance as compared to conventional cooling systems. Scaling-up GSHPs in India will create new jobs around design and engineering, installations, operation, and maintenance. This technology and installation services can be provided by MSMEs and SMEs. The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is providing financial assistance to the private and public sectors for stand-alone GSHP projects with more than 100TR capacity.
The session helped disseminate learnings for all the stakeholders and design professionals in the building sector to provide awareness about the technology, its implementation, and the tangible potential in the field of heating and cooling requirements of buildings in the state.
Roadshow 3 on “Energy Efficiency Measures for Textile sector with a focus on MSMEs in Punjab” - Punjab state has a high concentration of energy intensive industries – both large-scale industries and MSMEs. The major energy-intensive industry sectors in Punjab are textiles, metals and steel, and food processing. Punjab is the second largest producer of cotton & blended yarn with 70% best quality cotton production in India. It accounts for 655 million Kg of yarn production. The state contributes around 2.2 million bales (170 Kg. each) cotton production, which is about 14% of total country's cotton production. Punjab is the major exporter for apparel, spinning and hosiery products.
Ludhiana (a city in Punjab), referred to as the Manchester of India, is among the biggest manufacturing clusters for textiles in North India with recorded production of raw silk of around 127 MT in 2015-16. The state has taken various steps for promotion of energy efficiency in the industrial sector. As part of the Energy Conservation and Commercialization-II (ECO-II) project (a bilateral project between the Government of India and the United States agency USAID), Punjab has developed an Energy Conservation Action Plan (ECAP). The study suggested 15-20% of energy saving potential in the textile industry sector.
Roadshow 4 on “Energy efficiency measures in buildings through Smart Technologies with Karnataka” - Karnataka has been a pioneer in the urban infrastructure development and is an IT hub. In Karnataka, a total of seven cities were selected as smart cities in three phases, which indicates a strong potential to integrate buildings with smart technologies. With the rapid and advanced level of construction happening in the state, these smart building automations and digitized intelligent systems with digital technologies can be explored.
The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) which is the European Union’s main legislative instrument aiming to promote the improvement of energy performance of buildings, estimated a savings of 8 – 10 Mtoe by 2030 on introducing the framework of a smartness indicator in buildings. Smart technologies in buildings comprise of a cost-effective measure to increase energy performance, create healthier and liveable buildings, and enable buildings to integrate into future energy systems characterised by a large share of renewable energy sources. In addition, integration of smart technologies in buildings, offers advantages of optimized energy use and storage, automatic diagnosis and maintenance prediction and improved comfort for occupants via automation.
This session provided detailed information on IOT based building management systems, monitoring and evaluation and understanding of analytics supported by sensors and controls to optimize efficiency, flexibility and comfort preferences. The session focussed on providing awareness to the relevant stakeholders to understand Utility-as-a-service model of building energy management and monitoring systems and also helped the stakeholders to explore and integrate the Smart Building solutions in the existing and upcoming new buildings.